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Public Transport and Annular Connections in the Greater Copenhagen Area

As part of the green transport policy agreement of January 2009, it has been decided to conduct strategic analyses of the expansion options for public transport and annular connections in the Greater Copenhagen area.

Udbygningsmuligheder i Hovedstaden

The OECD has pointed out that the Greater Copenhagen area, compared to other large European cities, has a well-developed infrastructure as well as a high level of mobility and accessibility. With the prospect of continued growth in traffic volume, it is necessary to examine how the development of infrastruc-ture can contribute to a continuous high level of mobility. Calculations show that tailbacks and congestions in the railway traffic alone have caused to socio-economic losses of billions of Danish kroner. 

Today the major congestion problem is found in the commuter corridors towards the Greater Copenhagen area. Additionally, a greater demand for travelling across the regions has emerged as a result of the past decades’ urbanization and location of jobs.

In relation to the recent years’ agreements in the transport sector, it has been decided to expand the capacity on the large radial and ring roads. Additionally, a new motorway from Copenhagen to Frederikssund will be established. At the same time, public transport is undergoing notable development e.g. the new metro line ’Metro City Circle’ and a new railway from Copenhagen to Ringsted via Køge.

As part of the strategic analyses, two main development strategies for the ring road connections in the Greater Copenhagen area have been identified:

  • Expansion of the western ring road connections by further upgrading the Ring 4 corridor or the establishment of an entirely new Ring 5 in the corridor between Køge and Helsingør.
  • Establishment of a new eastern bypass connections/a tunnel under Copenhagen harbour.

The consequences for the economy, traffic, environment and wildlife of the different strategies will be examined closely. Additionally, two main strategies for railway traffic have been identified:

  • Development of the traffic on the current rail network e.g. possibilities for public S-train service to Helsingør and Roskilde, automatic S-train services as well as capacity and structure of the stations in Copenhagen.
  • Establishment of an entirely new railway stretches e.g. improved public transport in the “palm” as well as a light rail service or a high-grade bus system in Ring 3.

A number of screenings of the individual projects will be conducted and published regularly on this website (Only available in Danish).